How School Affects Children’s Eyes

Eye health is very important for school-aged kids. If kids experience vision problems, expect that their schoolwork will be affected. It’s normal for children to suffer vision problems. According to statistics, one out of four school-aged kids has vision problems, which are if not treated can greatly upset learning capability and school adjustment.

Kids who don’t have their eyes checked are the ones who suffer. They will likely fall behind in school, become discouraged and lose focus in school. Many teachers, doctors, and parents may use the symptoms as related to ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder when all that is required is correcting their vision.

Below is a  list of common eye problems that may cause kids to struggle in school and it is highly recommended to go to a Calgary Optometrist before children start the new school year.

Common Eye Problems

There are a lot of eye problems that can affect children. And many of these problems can be detected by vision screen with the use of an acuity chart.

  • Amblyopia

Also known as lazy eye, amblyopia is a poor vision that appears normal. The two main causes of this problem are the difference in the refractive error and crossed eyes. If left untreated, this can lead to a permanent visual loss in the affected eye. Amblyopia must be treated as early as possible, preferably before the kid reaches 8 years old.

  • Strabismus

Refers to eye misalignment, for they may turn up, down, in or out. Amblyopia may occur if the same eye is chronically misaligned. Early detection can help in restoring the vision by covering the properly aligned eye, which will force the misaligned eye to work. Other treatments in helping the eyes to align may include surgery or wearing customized glasses.

  • Refractive errors

This vision problem refers to the shape of the eye that doesn’t properly refract light, so the resulting images are blurred. Refractive errors may also be caused by amblyopia. There are three types of refractive errors, namely farsightedness, astigmatism, and nearsightedness, which are the most common among school-aged kids.

Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is poor distance vision which can be treated by wearing contact lenses or glasses.

Farsightedness, also known as hyperopia, can be treated the same way with nearsightedness.

Astigmatism refers to the imperfect curvature of the eye’s front surface, which can be treated by wearing glasses if it is causing discomfort and blurred vision. Thanks to Dr. Alex G. Wilson and Associates for this blog post.